1 Remi Garde Aston Villa have announced the appointment of Remi Garde as their new manager.The former Lyon boss has signed a deal until 2019 and will watch his new side in their Barclays Premier League game at Tottenham on Monday.Villa are bottom of the league having lost their last six games and sacked former boss Tim Sherwood last month.Garde’s first game in charge will be Sunday’s visit of leaders Manchester City and the 49-year-old becomes Villa’s fifth manager in the last five years.He said: “It is an unbelievable honour to be the manager of such an illustrious football club.“I’ve had extremely positive meetings with both the owner, Randy Lerner, and chief executive Tom Fox. They have ambitious plans for the club and I’m excited that they have turned to me to help them realise them.“Obviously we have a difficult task in front of us but I’m looking forward to the challenge with the support of everyone who loves Aston Villa.”Garde spent three years in charge at Lyon, winning the French Cup in 2012, and left for personal reasons in 2014.He held talks with Newcastle earlier this year when the Magpies were looking to replace Alan Pardew.Garde won the Premier League with Arsenal in 1998 and made 45 appearances for the Gunners after joining in 1996 before retiring three years later.He also played for Lyon for six years before moving to Strasbourg in 1993 and won six caps for France.Villa chairman Lerner said: “Remi came with ideas, honesty, humour and a steely sense of what it will take for Aston Villa to be what it is meant to be – hard working, tireless, creative and unwilling to concede.“Nobody at Villa can deny that we are way behind.“We recruited aggressively this past summer and it is our responsibility to now harvest this talent rather than buckle under pressure and criticism – we are better than that.“On behalf of the Board we wish Remi every success.”
Need some good news for a change? Some Afghan farmers are finding better profits growing roses than growing opium poppies.Damask roses are endemic to Afghanistan, reports Phys.org, but the country is better known for an export that fuels violence and death: opium.Opium is big business in Afghanistan, where Nangarhar is the sixth biggest poppy-producing province.Poppy cultivation hit a new record last year, with opium production soaring 87 percent to an estimated 9,000 tonnes, official figures show.Sales of opium poppies create many well-known evil effects downstream. Drug trafficking, though illegal in the country, engenders gang violence and international conflicts, and fuels much of the economic ties of violent countries to other violent countries. The illegal traffic in opioids, derived from poppies, has created a crisis in western countries through a tangled web of supply, addiction, and dependence. This “export” from Afghan farmers—many of whom are just trying to make a living for their poor families—fuels war and death on a massive scale.But what if the poor farmers could be convinced to grow something good instead? Something beautiful, useful, and in high demand? What if they could make a better living growing roses?The farmers who are trying it, according to the article, are finding these benefits in switching:The roses used by the farmers are native to the country.Roses are easier to grow than poppies. They don’t require as much water, fertilizer or care.Roses provide a variety of useful products: rose water, essential oils, perfumes and bouquets.Rose farming is more profitable. Other countries have customers willing to pay high prices for the products.Growing roses is perfectly legal and beneficial, unlike opium poppies.“Rose trees are also more durable, lasting 30 to 50 years, compared with poppies, which must be planted every season.”The task of picking the rose petals gives other Afghans worthy employment in harvesting. It takes a lot of petals to produce a small amount of oil, and they have to be distilled quickly. Europeans love the stuff. One company supplies European vanity:Its rose oil now supplies several European companies, including German organic cosmetics brand Dr. Hauschka—whose products are priced well out of reach of ordinary Afghans.“They make very expensive creams with our roses,” says Mohmand [owner of Afghan Roses Ltd.].The motto is “Make perfume, not war” for those trying out the switch. Farmers are saying they are “better than poppies” and are making them more money than they used to grow in the illegal opium trade. One farmer named Mohammed din Sapai is very happy with his first harvest of flowers.Sapai is one of more than 800 farmers in the province bordering Pakistan benefiting from the “Roses for Nangarhar” project, a joint Afghan-German initiative set up in 2007 to encourage poppy growers to switch to a legal, money-making flower.“They provided us with the plants, the tools and even paid us for the first year when we had no harvest,” Sapai, 50, explains….He makes enough money to support his family, and insists roses have fewer costs and take less effort. After the rose season, which ends in May, he switches to growing vegetables.The idea could spread to African countries as well.Orzala exports its rose oil to Canadian company The 7 Virtues, which also sources essential oils from Haiti, the Middle East and Rwanda under the slogan “Make perfume, not war”.A peace initiative like this could pay international dividends and maybe even prevent another war, in addition to giving growers a beneficial way to care for their families.God made roses and poppies, so what are we to make of this story? Genesis says that thorns arose after the Fall when sin entered the world, as part of the curse. And yet “He did not leave Himself without witness,” Paul told the men of Lystra, “in that He good, providing you with fruitful seasons, satisfying your hearts with food and gladness” (Acts 14). Because God is just, Earth became a world of dangers and death after the Fall (requiring, ultimately, Christ’s sacrifice), but because God is good, earth also retained much of its incredible beauty and provision, too. Poppies are beautiful flowers that many westerners cultivate in their gardens. They don’t have to be grown for substance abuse. Roses are famous for bouquets and beneficial products, but they could also scratch and injure people if someone were to use the branches as whips.So often, cultures get stuck in a rut. The problem in Afghanistan is not with poor farmers who need to support their families, but with drug traffickers who take advantage of discoveries that substances in the crop, when abused, create addiction in humans. The drug traffickers plot their evil, knowing that addicts will provide a secure market. Many of the Afghan farmers probably do not intend to hurt people. They’re just trying to survive. If farmers have always grown opium poppies as a habit, it may be the only thing they know. All it takes is a little convincing that they could live better growing legal products like roses, and word-of-mouth success could overturn the opium trade. Wouldn’t that be a blessing for the whole world!Use this story to think about our own environments. What useful products are within 100 feet of your home? Most of us probably have no idea of the wealth surrounding us. If we only knew about the potential in nearby natural resources, we might be rich. That’s why we like reporting stories on biomimetics and on research with applications to improve our lives. Remember all the beneficial uses of Moringa, the drumstick tree? (11 April 2017). Talk about acres of diamonds! Some of the poorest countries in the world may not even know the riches all around them. They don’t need foreign aid; they need to learn how to pick up and trade the diamonds at their feet. The people of Haiti could be rich if it weren’t for the corrupt leaders who rob them. So often, the problem of poverty comes from evil leaders, not from the lack of resources (Venezuela and Nicaragua being current examples). Even in this Afghanistan story, rose farmers have to take great care to avoid the Taliban’s bullets.God provides for the birds, but He doesn’t drop the food into the nest. He gave humans minds to discover and learn. Someone had to do scientific research to figure out that rose petals had oils that could be beneficial. If scientists would ditch the useless work on life in outer space and Darwinian evolution, and apply their minds to good for their fellow man, the world would prosper and be much more peaceful. Science cannot operate without morals. Science is not an end in itself. God intended us to use knowledge for good: to honor God and love our neighbors.Another virtue of this story is that roses, as plants, constitute a renewable resource that will not harm the environment or ruin the ecology. Even though some of the products satisfy vanity over need, this is different from the fur trade that nearly wiped out beaver in the 1840s to satisfy the vanity of European men wishing to appear stylish in beaver hats. And who knows? Perhaps demand will motivate further discovery for rose products, including medicines. (Roses are edible, and “rose hips” are known for their nutritious benefits.) We applaud the effort of this company to teach Afghan farmers how to live better by switching from the drug trade to the rose trade. We don’t know the motivations or beliefs of “The 7 Virtues” company or any of its affiliates, but without necessarily taking any instruction from the Bible, they illustrate how humans should use knowledge for good. This is a practical way of showing the image of God in man, and fulfilling Christ’s admonition, “Blessed are the peacemakers.” Let those who follow Christ lead the way. (Visited 448 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
South Africa prides itself on being one of the top tourist destinations in the world. On average, the country welcomes over 3 million* (2017) visitors to its shores annually, making tourism one of the the key sectors that drives economic growth. Stats SA projects that by 2026, the number of direct jobs created by tourism in South Africa, will reach 1 million vs over 2.26 million total jobs that will be supported by the sector.It’s no surprise that Africa’s Travel Indaba is a major draw card and one of the largest tourism marketing events on the African calendar. Taking place from 2 – 4 May at the Durban International Convention Centre, it provides an opportunity for key players in the sector to showcase Africa’s finest tourism products to both domestic and international audiences of visitors and buyers. .In delivering on the mandate to promote South Africa as an attractive investment destination, Brand South Africa will participate at this year’s Africa’s Travel Indaba. . As part of the week’s programme, we will participate in the Tourism Communicators Forum as well as the Tourism Investment Seminar to deliver a Nation Brand Masterclass and share insights on Nation Brand performance. Alignment and coordination with our stakeholders is key to marketing South Africa – the execution of our programme is in collaboration with the National Department of Tourism (NDT), South Africa Tourism (SAT), the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) and the Government Technical Advisory Centre (GTAC).In addition, Brand South Africa will host a stand at the exhibition centre. Visit our stand, take a picture of yourself in our #IHeartSA Insta-frame, and stand in line to win a weekend away to Limpopo. *Terms & Conditions apply.*Africa’s Travel Indaba is owned by South African Tourism and organised by Synergy Business Events (Pty) Ltd. Follow the conversation on all social media platforms: #Indaba19 #AfricaMovesYouWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
It’s important to constantly evolve throughout your journey as a filmmaker. Here are ten lessons I learned while making my first feature documentary.It’s been four years since my first feature documentary was completed. Overall, it was one of the most rewarding and educational experiences of my filmmaking journey, even to this day. It taught me what it takes to be a filmmaker, how to tell a story, and how necessary it is to constantly evolve and progress throughout your filmmaking journey.No One Will Love Your Film as Much as You DoWhile halfway through post-production on my documentary, I was diligently searching for a well-established documentary producer to join our film. We wanted the perfect person to take it across the finish line and out into the world — with success. Like everyone else, I wanted the entire world to see the film.I was fortunate enough to score a meeting with the best, most well-established documentary filmmaker in the city. I was stoked. We met over coffee and discussed his films, documentary filmmaking as a whole, and finally, my film. After I made a strong pitch for him to join, one of the things he told me that I’ll never forget: “No one will love your film as much as you do.”This hit like a ton of bricks and was a tough pill for me to shallow. I thought, of course everyone’ll love my film as much as I do. They’d be crazy not to.However, after four years, those words couldn’t be anymore true today than they were the first time I heard them. Your film is your baby, and will always be your baby.Director Tanner Shinnick filming a scene for our documentary.Filmmaking Is a Lot of WorkThe day that we picture-locked our film — it was a release. It was two years of consistent blood, sweat, and tears that was now completed. So much, in fact, that once the export was finished, I laid on the floor and just reminisced about the experience.There’s a reason for the term “Sophomore Blues.” Many times, after completing their first film, filmmakers will fall into a slump. Particularly if you’re making a film on a shoestring budget — it takes a lot out of you.Much too often, we forget how much work the filmmaking process can be, especially with a feature. Essentially, your filmmaking palette becomes more refined as you make films. In the end, this refined sense may actually work to your advantage when picking the right idea for your next film.It’s a Process, Not an EventMaking a great film doesn’t end when you come up with a great idea or finish writing the perfect script. It starts there. Making a great film is a process with multiple finish lines, each of which should be accomplished with the same amount of diligence and dedication. When you work with the same amount of vigor and intensity through the entire filmmaking process, that’s what will make the best film. Ultimately, that’s what matters. There’s no greater feeling than knowing you made the best film to your ability.If You Follow People Around Long Enough, Conflict Will HappenAt that point, we were too far into the story to write it off as a lost cause. We had to continue filming, and luckily we did. Unplanned and unanticipated conflict eventually happened, and in this case, the best kind.Ever since that moment, I’ve subscribed to the notion that if you follow people around long enough, conflict will happen. Humans are prone to conflict, you just have to stick around to witness it.Surround Yourself with People Who Really Believe in Your ProjectMost of the time, you’re making your first film on a shoestring budget. This typically requires calling in favors to your list of filmmaking friends. Making a movie takes a lot of energy and effort. However, if you’re surrounded by a support group that believes in and supports you in the process, it makes those difficult parts of the filmmaking process much easier.One great example is at one point during production, we ran out of money. However, there was a storyline we really wanted to film. With no money, our only option to make it work — with consideration for equipment rentals — was to sleep in the back of our car, in a Walmart parking lot, for the first night of production. And that’s exactly what I and one of the film’s dedicated producers did.Director of Photography, Lars Lindstrom, lines up a shot.Hire a Great EditorWhen it comes to documentary filmmaking, one easy mistake you can make is just dumping all your footage onto drives, then editing once you’re done filming. This is what we did, and honestly, I regret that the most.For a documentary, a great editor is also a great organizer. When you hit the edit bay and have 200 hours of footage that needs to be cut down to ninety minutes, only a great editor can accomplish that task. A great edit will make or break your film. Find the best editor you can afford, treat them well, and give them solid direction. If you approach your edit and editor with the same consistency and devotion that you apply toward your film as a whole, you’ll create a much better and stronger film. Don’t treat the edit as a means to an end. It’s a necessary process that should be treated as such.Asking for Money Will Always Be Awkward — Get Over ItThis is the best fundraising advice I ever received. Don’t attempt some slick sales tactic to convince someone to invest in your film, or invite them to coffee without telling them your intent. Always let people know from the beginning that you’re asking for money. Yes, it’s awkward. But not nearly as awkward as bringing it up out of the blue after a thirty-minute, unrelated conversation.Share Your ProcessUnfortunately, we’re not Quentin Tarantino. Until we are, working in a world of secrecy really only hurts the success of our film. People want to see the process. Show the future audience the behind-the-scenes. In the age of social media, sharing your process and informing your future audience only helps the film, and inherently builds a strong, dedicated audience for when the film is finally released. People want to see your process. Share it.Make Sure Interest Groups Around Your Subject Know You’re Making the FilmOne of the biggest advantages with our documentary film is that we quickly informed the interest groups around our subject that we were filming this project. Luckily, that worked in our favor in terms of funding opportunities. It also builds an essential grassroots support group.When It’s Over, You Have to Keep Making FilmsUnless you’re extremely lucky, your first film won’t make you the next Ryan Coogler. You have to continue making films to refine your process. The more films you make, the better filmmaker you’ll become. Much like making a film, becoming an established filmmaker is also a process and not just a singular event.Overall, making a feature documentary is a fantastic filmmaking experience. This made me fall in love with the process and I’m excited to start it again soon. Of course, with these lessons in tow.Cover image via hxdbzxy.Want to learn more about getting started in filmmaking? Check these out.Three Cheap, Under-appreciated Cameras Filmmakers Should Consider7 DIY Filmmaking Projects You Can Complete in a WeekendLearn How to Speak Filmmaking: Formatting the ScreenplayThe Complete Video Editor’s Guide to Working with MusicThe Creative Motivation Behind Deep vs. Shallow Depth of Field