Based on logic and experience, especially on this ever changing continent of Africa, there are several specific reasons why people rise up against governments and/or each other. Meaning that these are the typical causes of civil unrest: The inability to afford food – rising food prices, for example (such as the 1979 Rice Riots), which may be caused by rises in other commodities in the value chain such as transportation costs; When livelihoods are threatened – land seizures or encroachment, for example; Marginalization or oppression – when one group is subjugated or oppressed by another along racial, ethnic, religious or socio-political lines, not having equal access to rights; Political foul play – when a leader of any kind fails to play by the rules and/or tries to change said rules in the middle of the ongoing, agreed upon political process. Such changes usually will violate a country’s constitution, for example. This would include rebel leaders and other military juntas attempting to seize power in any other ways than the constitutional, democratic process; sitting presidents attempting to extend their hold on power by way of manipulative machinations (e.g. referenda); or the manipulation of the existing rules of the democratic process in any way; Action or inaction that causes bad faith – any action or inaction that causes bad faith between parties is perceived as a threat of willful injustice, especially if the aggrieved party (ies) has (have) made their grievances heard but to no avail. And people have and will exercise their inherent right to self-preservation and self-defense; Cause and effect is an absolute law of nature – if a tree falls in the forest, it absolutely makes a sound, whether people are around to hear it or not. That notwithstanding, the sound is not the only evidence of the tree falling. Said tree will be found lying there in the morning (like Harry Greaves’ body). And even if said tree is removed, its very absence from the place where it stood will be the greatest evidence that it either fell or was cut down, especially to those who ate of its fruit and sat in its shade. And it is easy to tell whether a tree fell or was cut down. No autopsy required.In the same way, corruption and other vices characteristic of poor governance will absolutely have their effects. Whether said vices are immediately detected or not, the law of cause-and-effect (rooted in the biblical principles of sowing and reaping and inevitable exposure) will take its course. In other words, what’s done in the dark will come to light.For this reason, this element encompasses all other elements of civil unrest listed heretofore, because we now understand that if foul play is afoot, it is not a matter if but of when its effect(s) will begin to show, uncovering the deed.We tend to treat all civil unrest as though “it just happened” and as though the solutions are as complicated as Calculus IV. Thus, in the aftermath, hundreds of thousands of lost lives later, we focus on reactionary, short-lived remedies (peace talks, ceasefires and power sharing deals that reward perpetrators), where foresight and prevention could have saved the day.Let each country on the continent of Africa, yea the world, examine itself by these principles and determine its standing.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
The crackdown, which will land 30,000 additional American troops in Iraq by the end of next month, comes as opposition to the strategy grows in Washington and emerges as a central issue in the U.S. presidential campaign. A possible presidential contender and one of the most vocal Republican critics of President George W. Bush’s Iraq policy, Sen. Chuck Hagel of Nebraska, was in Baghdad and planned to hold a news conference here today. It was his fifth trip to the war zone. In an interview broadcast Saturday, al-Maliki said he believed U.S. support for his administration was steadfast. “I feel that there is strong support because success would mean a civilized and democratic process,” he told Al-Arabiya television. “I don’t feel any change … despite differences within the American government.” The crackdown also brought a Pentagon decision this past week to extend the deployments of U.S. troops from 12 to 15 months – a situation that the U.S. commander in Iraq acknowledged Saturday was “tough news.” BAGHDAD – A car bomb exploded Saturday near one of Shiite Islam’s holiest shrines in Karbala, killing at least 37 people and wounding more than 150. At least 16 children were among the dead in the latest horrific assault away from the American-led security crackdown in Baghdad. A suicide bomber also struck in Baghdad, blowing up his car on a major bridge and killing 10 in the second such attack in 48 hours. Chaotic arguing erupted in Iraq’s legislature, with the parliament speaker shouting for order as lawmakers squabbled over who was to blame for holes in security that allowed a suicide bomber to mingle among them Thursday and kill a Sunni Arab lawmaker. The political wrangling underlined the continuing weakness of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki’s government despite a more than two-month-old U.S.-Iraqi military operation intended to pacify Baghdad and give his regime room to function. In a letter to his troops, Gen. David Petraeus expressed appreciation for “the hardship and strain the extension will put on you and your families,” and he warned of “an enormous amount of hard work ahead.” In addition to the bombings in Karbala and Baghdad, at least 40 people were killed or found dead across Iraq on Saturday. The U.S. military announced the death of one service member, killed Friday by a roadside bomb in southern Iraq. The bloodshed in Karbala came when a parked car loaded with explosives blew up at a busy bus station at midmorning, killing at least 37 people and wounding 168, police and hospital officials said. Other reports put the death toll as high as 56. The station is about 200 yards from one of Shiite Muslims’ holiest spots – the Imam Hussein shrine, where the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson is buried. The shrine, 50 miles south of Baghdad, is the destination of an annual Shiite pilgrimage, during which hundreds of faithful were slain last month. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!