LONDON (AP): Jockey Tony McCoy, former Manchester United striker Denis Law, two-time Tour de France winner Chris Froome, and five-time world snooker champion Ronnie O’Sullivan are among United Kingdom sporting figures honoured by Queen Elizabeth in her New Year list. McCoy, who retired this year after winning 20 straight British champion jockey titles and a record 4,358 races in a 23-year career, was knighted in recognition of his services to horse racing. He is only the second jockey to be made a Sir, after Gordon Richards in 1953. The 75-year-old Law, who played for United from 1962-73 and was part of the club’s so-called ‘Holy Trinity’ with George Best and Bobby Charlton, was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) for services to football and charity. Froome was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) after becoming the first Briton to win a second Tour de France in July. O’Sullivan also was awarded an OBE in recognition for his services to snooker, having won the world championship five times most recently in 2013 and become the sport’s box-office name. The success of the England women’s football team in finishing third at the World Cup in Canada this year was recognised as captain Steph Houghton and teammate Fara Williams were both made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE). John Surtees, the only man to win world championships on two and four wheels, was made a CBE. The 81-year-old Surtees won seven world motorcycling championships before switching to four wheels and winning the 1964 Formula One title. Heather Rabbatts, a director at England’s Football Association who became the organisation’s first female board member in 2012, was awarded a damehood for services to football and equality. As a campaigner on behalf of women in sport, she recently spoke out in support of former Chelsea doctor Eva Carneiro in her dispute with the club. Former Manchester City striker and chairman Francis Lee received a CBE, while ex-England rugby winger Mark Cueto and IBF super-bantamweight boxing champion Carl Frampton were awarded MBEs.
Periodic drought is something that a significant portion of the U.S. will have to get used to in the coming decades. Climate scientists tell us that while precipitation will increase overall with climate change, certain regions, including the American West, will see increased frequency of drought.I certainly saw that last year, when I spent six weeks bicycling through the Southwest, from San Diego to Houston. Most of the 1,900 miles I covered had seen barely a drop of rain since the previous fall. Statewide, Texas had an average of just 15 inches of rain in 2011 — barely half of the typical rainfall.Ironically, drought sometimes exacerbates water shortages in other ways. Wildfires in Lubbock, Texas last June knocked out 20% of the city’s crucial water wells, reducing the city’s water supply by nine million gallons per day for two weeks. Then in July, shrinking clay soils in Fort Worth, Texas resulted in more than 200 breaks in water mains, spilling precious water into the ground. Austin suffered similar problems as did other communities throughout the state that was suffering from the worst drought on record. RELATED ARTICLES What Is “Xeriscape” and Why is it Important?The Uncertain Future of Phoenix and Las VegasRating the Greenness of GardensReduce Water UseSaving Energy by Saving WaterAll About Washing MachinesAll About Dishwashers Can Swimming Pools Be Green?Water, Water EverywhereIn the West, Drought Ends ‘Era of the Lawn’The DOE Showerhead RuleGBA Encyclopedia: Green Irrigation About this seriesThroughout this resilient design series, I’m covering how our homes and communities can continue to function in the event of extended power outages, interruptions in heating fuel, or shortages of water. Resilient design is a life-safety issue that is critical for the security and wellbeing of families in a future of climate uncertainty. As we think of adaptation to climate change and resilience, dealing with water has to be a part of our focus. In this blog I’ll cover how to improve the efficiency with which we use water and measures to ensuring access to water during shortages.Use water efficientlyWhen water becomes scarce, it is all the more important to use that water efficiently. During drought emergencies, restrictions in certain water uses (such as outdoor irrigation) are commonly instituted. By planning ahead and replacing water-intensive lawns with low-water-use native landscaping (often called “xeriscaping”), your grounds will likely do just fine without water.If you want to be able to get by with stored water during interruptions in water supply (see below), you need to make that stored water go as far as possible. This means ultra-low-flush toilets, such as the new generation of high-efficiency toilets (HETs) that use no more than 1.28 gallons per flush or that offer two flush volumes, showerheads using as little as 1.5 gallons per minute, bathroom faucets with flow rates as low as 0.5 gallons per minute, water-conserving horizontal-axis (front-loading) clothes washers, and top-efficiency dishwashers.One can go even further with water-efficiency using composting toilets that don’t use any water, waterless urinals, and graywater systems that capture water from a lavatory sink to re-fill the toilet.Relying on a spring on a hillRural homeowners with springs that gravity-feed water to the house are at a distinct advantage when it comes to resilience. Our home in Dummerston used to be served by a spring on the hill above our house that relied on gravity to deliver water to a cistern in our basement. The vertical drop from the spring wasn’t enough to deliver a strong shower, so we had a shallow-well pump in the basement to charge a pressure tank, but during power outages I could turn a few valves and switch over to gravity-pressure for our home water system; the 20 psi of pressure provided a weak shower — but a lot better than none. Unfortunately, after several years of the spring running dry in August, we drilled a well and pretty much abandoned the spring.On-site water storageIf your water supply is interrupted for whatever reason, the only real option is to have stored water on-site. Rural homeowners who face periodic power interruptions are familiar with this issue. Unless we have back-up generators, when we lose power we lose our water, because our deep-well pumps don’t work. This is my situation. We have a pressure tank in the basement, so we may still have a few gallons of available water after a power outage, but not much. It’s always a good idea to have stored water on hand for emergency use.Those five-gallon carboys used with drinking-water dispensers work well for storing potable water. Fill them, seal them to keep insects and dust out, and keep them in a dark location to prevent algae growth. Open containers may be fine for storing non-potable water that can be used to flush toilets. When we lose power, we shut off the fill-valve to one of our toilets, and fill it manually after flushing. You can carry water from a stream, collect water from your roof in buckets positioned under the eaves, or rely on a full-blown rainwater harvesting system (see below).Rainwater harvestingA greater level of resilience can be achieved with a rainwater harvesting system. The simplest of these systems is a rain barrel positioned under a downspout at the corner of your house. With larger systems, multiple downspouts feed rainwater into a large tank, or cistern, that stores the water. Many types of cisterns are available, made from plastic, fiberglass, galvanized steel, wood, or cement.I’ve seen rainwater systems with buried cisterns that hold tens of thousands of gallons, but more common are tanks holding a few thousand gallons in an outdoor shed or basement. Being able to gravity-feed water from a cistern is an advantage, but that’s often hard to do in cold climates, since the tank has to be kept from freezing.Simple rainwater harvesting systems are typically used (during non-emergency times) for outdoor irrigation. More sophisticated systems are designed to provide potable water and include first-flush systems (to discard the first water that comes off a roof during a rainstorm), filtration, and purification systems to ensure safe water. When used for potable water, a metal roof is usually the best surface, since less detritus is held in the roof surface. Alex is founder of BuildingGreen, Inc. and executive editor of Environmental Building News. 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Support The Guardian Share on Pinterest Read more Richard Williams Halo could be most effective method yet devised to reduce F1’s appeal Sauber Share via Email Charles Leclerc tipped to be next shooting star of F1 Read more Share on WhatsApp Share on Facebook When the young Monégasque lines up on the grid, it will be the culmination of one lifelong dream and the beginning of anotheras he attempts to emulate the success of the two four-times world champions ahead of him on the grid.In July of last year, midway through his domination of the Formula 2 series and on his way to winning the championship, Leclerc was at the Hungaroring where, despite his success and being part of the Ferrari Driver Academy, a future in F1 still seemed a long way off. “It would be a lie if I said I don’t think about it. I do,” he said at the time. “Sometimes I just dream about it but for now it is a dream and I need to make it a reality.” In Australia he has palpably done so and in remarkably short order.Only 20 years old, Leclerc will start for a reinvigorated Sauber team who, while firmly still at the back of the grid, harbour ambitious intent of which he is a fundamental part. The team have a new deal to use this year’s Ferrari engines. They are branded as Alfa Romeo, a welcome return for the marque that brings a glorious swathe of red to the white Sauber livery. More important, Alfa is owned by Ferrari and the deal comes with the strong backing of its president, Sergio Marchionne. He wants to see the brand and Leclerc do well.The workforce at Hinwil in Switzerland has increased and will continue to do so throughout the year and the car they have produced is an entirely new concept. Complex and aggressive, it has proved a handful to drive and they have as yet to unlock its potential. Pace, they believe, is coming, though not in Australia.For Leclerc, it is part of his journey to what is expected to become a seat with Ferrari but, much as he has revelled in coming so far, it is but the first step. “It feels amazing,” he says. “But once you sign you immediately have another goal and another dream. It feels great because I achieved what I have wanted since I was very young but on the other hand I can’t stay on that positive note for too long, this is only the beginning.”Leclerc has been through an emotional mill to get this far. The death of Jules Bianchi, his godfather and close friend after a crash at the Japanese Grand Prix in 2014 was hard to deal with. Last year, his father died before the fourth round of the F2 season at Baku. He weathered those blows and showed great maturity to maintain his success on track.Both of these huge influences on his life will be remembered by the driver on Sunday. “My father worked for the last 18 years before he passed for me to get to that point so I will think of him,” he says. “Jules helped me a lot and we were hoping to race together but that did not happen, so I will think of them both in Melbourne. It will be a special weekend for me. It will feel very, very special.” Share on Messenger Share on LinkedIn … we have a small favour to ask. More people, like you, are reading and supporting the Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism than ever before. And unlike many news organisations, we made the choice to keep our reporting open for all, regardless of where they live or what they can afford to pay.The Guardian will engage with the most critical issues of our time – from the escalating climate catastrophe to widespread inequality to the influence of big tech on our lives. At a time when factual information is a necessity, we believe that each of us, around the world, deserves access to accurate reporting with integrity at its heart.Our editorial independence means we set our own agenda and voice our own opinions. Guardian journalism is free from commercial and political bias and not influenced by billionaire owners or shareholders. This means we can give a voice to those less heard, explore where others turn away, and rigorously challenge those in power.We hope you will consider supporting us today. We need your support to keep delivering quality journalism that’s open and independent. Every reader contribution, however big or small, is so valuable. Support The Guardian from as little as $1 – and it only takes a minute. Thank you. Topics When the lights go out at Albert Park to usher in the new Formula One season on Sunday morning, performances at the sharp end of the grid will be under intense scrutiny. For Lewis Hamilton and Sebastian Vettel, the Australian Grand Prix is a long-standing return to the day job, but for Charles Leclerc the race is heavy with import, personal and professional. features Reuse this content In 2016, Leclerc won the GP3 series at his first attempt, with Frédéric Vasseur’s ART team. Vasseur had also worked with Leclerc in karting and, now the principal at Sauber, the Frenchman is well placed to judge his new charge. “I know perfectly that he’s fast,” he says. “But the most important thing for me is to have someone charismatic in the team. Able to motivate the guys to be bring the team with him and to be pushy when he has to be pushy and to try and calm everybody down when he has to.”This is a tall order for someone new to F1 but one on which Vasseur feels confident Leclerc can deliver and that will be invaluable should he make it to Ferrari. But Leclerc can be forgiven a brief time to enjoy the moment on the grid in Melbourne, aware that the real task is just beginning.“F1 always feels unreal until you arrive and get your first seat,” he says. “When I think about it, it is quite crazy to race against people like Fernando Alonso, when I remember watching him from the balcony in Monaco. But you quickly come back to earth and realise you have to work, this season is very important for me and I really need to deliver.”Sauber are hopeful they can bring out the best in their car given time. Should they do so, they will be joining what will be hugely competitive midfield and Australia is only the opening round of what is likely to be a bruising season-long bout.Behind the big three of Mercedes, Ferrari and Red Bull, competition for fourth will be fierce. The greatest step forward is expected from McLaren. Having ditched Honda for Renault engines and been bullish about the quality of their chassis, a move to the top of the midfield is their minimum target. Reliability problems plagued testing and Alonso has warned that the Australian Grand Prix is likely to be the team’s low point. Having had a short lead time in integrating the engine to the car, the Spaniard is optimistic that rafts of planned upgrades will pay dividends especially in the second part of the season.Their difficult task will be compounded by a works Renault team fielding their strongest car for several seasons, Force India once again showing they will be able to punch above their weight and the potential dark horses Haas, who have brought a simple but highly effective concept and package to the new season that has proved impressively quick in Australia. The gap to the front remains but behind them margins are going to be tiny. The Observer Formula One Since you’re here… Motor sport Formula One 2018 Share on Twitter